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Ancient Kalingan Merchant Ships and Boita Bandaana Utsava

November 28, 2012 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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festivals, crafts, odisha


Today is Kartika Purnima and the day of Boita Bandaana Divasa(Ship Worshiping day) for the whole Odisha.

This beautiful painting by Prasanta bhai depicts the proud Odishan merchant ship voyages to Java, Sumatra, Bali, Indonesia, Jakarta, China, Sri Lanka etc.

Every year in today's day Kalingan Merchants used to start their 6 month long voyages to these countries. Today their wives used to worship maa mangalaa(durga) on the Ships requesting to keep their husbands and their boats safe in high seas and for prosperity of trades. 

Then the mighty Kalingan Ships used take lots of crafts, ivory works, grains, mighty then world famous Kalingan Elephants, ornaments, finest Utkali cloths and lots of other stuffs and some 1000-4000 odd traders. There merchants will do business there for next 4 months before returning with lots of golds, silvers from China, fine yarns, sea based valuable stones and some grains etc from there before returning again to the shores of several Kalingan Ports, from where they will move upstream in rivers with their small small boats (of the six times large as today's launch boats) to their villages and then will move to trade those with local markets and in markets throughout India, to Persia, Turk pathway traders etc. 

The Kalingan ships in 2nd century BC to late 3rd century AD had grown in size and were the fastest, mightiest, safest and the most advanced ones in the whole world. These ships could handle as much as 10-20000 people in it with all the salable stuffs, foods, elephants etc. These also could handle the heavy sea storms in Indian Ocean (often then referred as Kalingan Sea) and Bay of Bengal without slowing much. Most ships had 8-24 water compartments (used in modern ships, this trick is learned from Roman and Greek ships and then modified by Kaligan ship makers at Golabaai), 4-7 floors, many machine operated (often partly steam powered), safety and speed enhancing air flatters for high storm and wave conditions. 

We observe this day by sailing tiny handmade boats in rivers and seas to remember those fellows and their great ships.

The only line I can say is all Indian and Odia should be proud of these Kalingan Merchants and their ships. 

I shouldn't go without mentioning the world class shipmakers of the village of Golabaai, who were the great architects and engineers of those ships.

Know the tribal dances of Odisha : The dance of Koraput district - Dhemsa

July 31, 2012 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)


------------- This article is sent to us by Mr. Debasish Mishra (http://www.facebook.com/debasishm1) -----------------------


Visit any tribal village in Koraput district and you will find one

thing in common. Young girls forming chains by clutching each other at

the shoulders and waist and dancing to the tune of traditional musical

instruments. This is Dhemsa for you, a special form of tribal dance.

According to tribal researchers, Dhemsa is an age-old dance form of

the tribals in Koraput district and quite popular among the Parajas,

Gadabas, Bhumias, Bhotras and Kandhs.

"Dhemsa is a unique folk dance form. It has a certain composition,

style, rhythm, body language, traditional costumes, hairstyle, foot

steps, etc. Its music is also exceptional. Like the life of tribals,

there is nothing artificial about this dance and this is the main

reason for its wide acceptance,"It is not only performed on festive

occasions in tribal villages, but also is a method of relaxation for

tribals after a hard day's work. For them, it is the prime mode of

entertainment which also helps in restoring harmony and brotherhood in

their communities. It is performed while welcoming a new guest into

one's family as well as to get over the sorrow caused by the death of

a family member. It fosters bonds between two lovers, which culminates

into marriage.

Though there is no evidence regarding the origin of the dance, tribals

say it has been passed on from one generation to another for ages and

it is an integral part of their lives. The importance of the dance in

the life of the tribals can be easily understood by the fact that

almost every tribal village has a Dhemsa troupe and every individual

takes part in it.

But researchers feel that this unique dance form has not got its due

like its contemporary folk dances of other regions. "Dhemsa has

neither been properly highlighted by the media nor has got recognition

like other forms of dances in the country.

— in Koraput, Orissa.

Odissi Dance roots: The oldest classical dance form of India

July 13, 2012 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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dance, temple, odisha

Originally Posted in Visit Odisha FB page: https://www.facebook.com/visitodisha

Odissi is the oldest classical dance form of India and its roots are traced to 1st century BC. Traditional Odissi repertoire consists of 6 performances accompanied by live music. The music is set to Odissi style of Indian classical music.

Odissi is the only dance form to have another basic body position besides the centered ‘Plie’ stance. The second stance Tribhangi, literally meaning three bends. Tribhang divides the body into three parts, head, bust and torso. The postures dealing with these three elements are called Tribhangi. As this is inspired by the temple sculptures, Odissi creates an illusion of sculpture coming to life. Isolated torso movements, typical to the Odissi style only, help create these curves and therefore an ‘S’ pattern is seen in the form of the dancer. Mudra is also an important component of Odissi dance. The term Mudra means "stamp" and is a hand position which suggests things. 

Odissi has its own traditional costumes and jewellery. The saree is draped in a particular fashion which creates a fan-shaped structure in the front. The saree used by dancers is the Sambalpuri sarees (local saree of Odisha) in most cases. Only white metal jewellery is worn in Odissi, including earrings that coves the whole ear and resemble the shape of a peacock’s feather. The waist belt is a must for a Odissi dancer. Other ornaments are bangles, necklace, and armlets. The headpiece (Mukut) worn by Odissi dancer is the typical symbol of Odissi dance which is made only in Orissa with special dried leaves. The costume and jewellery are considered sacred and should never be worn while performing other light dance forms.


More fun in Odisha now: The sites at Ramachandi beach is perfect for international tourists

February 22, 2012 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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odisha, temple, beaches, family, travel story




Now at Ramachandi Beach enjoy the sunbath, surf the waves, do a boat ride to river mouth & sea, visit temple of Goddess Ramachandi, enjoy the rural Coastal Odisha with Coconut water


Odisha is now all set to role on Guinness Book of World Record in Odissi Dance by 500 Odissi Dancers

December 5, 2011 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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odisha, dance, festivals

The innagural function of International Odissi Dance Festival 2011 which is to be happened at Kalinga Stadium on 23rd of December 2011 from 4pm to 5pm IST will be a spectator of The 1st Guinness Book of World Record in Odissi Dance. The full details can be found at Odisha Tourism website here


Odishi Dance Video

February 12, 2011 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)



What you should see at Puri, Odisha

October 1, 2010 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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If you are planning to visit Puri this season do not forget to see the following things before you go back.

[Jagannath Temple, Konark Temple, Pipili (The Appliqué Village), Raghurajpur (famous for Pattachitra), Sea Beach, Sand Art at sea beach, Confluence of River and sea at Musa Nai and Nua nai etc, Beleswar.]

Jagannath Temple:


Konark Temple:



Pipili (The Appliqué Village):



 Raghurajpur ( Craftsmen's Village: famous for Pattachitra):


Rath Yatra: The wolrd famous car festival has already began.

July 14, 2010 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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odisha, temple, festivals

Let me share some videos I do fill worth watching. These depicts the rathyatra (car festival) and its rituals and forms.

There is adventure awaiting you at each step in these forests of BHITARKANIKA

May 31, 2010 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)

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odisha, beaches

Thick forests where the sunlight can hardly reach the forest floor, estuarine swamps with over sixty varieties of mangrove plants, isolated beaches, variety of wildlife, giant turtles, ferocious crocodiles add to the trill of Bhitarkanika. There is adventure awaiting you at each step in these forests.


Join our group of Bhitarkanika to share your experience here or read and feel others' experience.










Bande Utkal Janani! 1st of April and we got our very own state. Visit Odisha and Celebrate "Utkal Divas""

April 1, 2010 by Sanmaya   Comments (0)


festivals, odisha

No wards can express the joy of today. An video that tells you some glimpse might be the best.